FAQ - questions and answers about Elvis CDs

CD FAQ

 

When you have bought the disc in Canada or the US it is possible that it is a CD which was sold via "BMG Direct Marketing".

Normally these discs were manufactured exclusively for members of the BMG Club and got another catalogue number.
 
Love, Elvis - USA 2005 - BMG Direct 82877 67001-2 / D160616  - Elvis Presley CD
BMG Direct number D160616 on back of "Love, Elvis"

 

In some cases  it was not possible to produce enough CDs (or the title wasn't available) so that the barcode of standard discs got pasted over with a blank sticker.
In this way the club members could purchase these reduced discs but couldn't get replacements in a normal store because of the sticker.
 

Essential Elvis - USA 1994 - BMG 6738-2-R Essential Elvis - USA 1990 - BMG 6738-2-R
Sticker above the barcode Standard back cover


Unfortunately these discs don't have the collector's value of a normal club CD. This lies in the fact that everyone can create his own "Club CD" by attaching a sticker above the barcode

 

Usually this is a standard CD distributed for promotion purposes.
By punching the barcode it is guaranteed that the disc doesn't go on sale.

 

Elvis Presley Legacy CD with punched code


In individual cases it may be that not the barcode but the spines had been punched.
Partly the barcode or the cover also got pasted over with a sticker marked with "NFS" (Not For Sale).

Are these punched CDs more valuable?

Basically not. But it may be that a disc doesn't exist in another form (e.g. "Elvis Jukebox"). Then we have a high value for collectors.

And what about "NFS" sticker CDs?

Partly the barcode or the cover also got pasted over with a sticker marked with "NFS" (Not For Sale).
 

Back of "Love Songs" with NFS sticker over barcode


Since these discs are marked individually you can assume a higher value. But since they are no "real" promo discs their value for collectors isn't as high as for the extra pressings.


At some track listings you can see codes like this

This is the ISRC code.

The International Standard Recording Code (ISRC) is a unique identifier for music recordings where one identifying code is allocated to each version of the recording.

Using the example of "Stuck On You" we try to explain the ISRC format:

 "Stuck On You" was edited in the year 2002 and used first on the CD  "ELV1S - 30 #1 Hits". The song got the code US-RC1-02-00338

 

US RC1 02 00338
Country Code
Two characters issued by the ISRC Agency
Registrant Code
A three character alphanumeric code issued by the ISRC Agency
Year of Reference
The last two digits of the year in which the ISRC is assigned to the track.

Designation Code
A five digit unique code assigned by the registrant.

 

With some exceptions BMG and Sony used the registrant code RC1, Sony-BMG the registrant code A82.

The year of refrrerence can be the year of the recording or the year of the editing.


Where is the code stored?

The codes are encoded in the disc subcode in the disc mastering process. You need special computer software to display the codes.

Why is the code important?

You can identify whether your new CD includes new remastered songs or not. You can also find out which take of the song or which live recording is used on the sampler CD.... and much, much more.

Once an ISRC code has been assigned to a track the code should remain the same for the lifespan of the track.

Any new or materially changed recording must be provided with a new ISRC

  • Remixes / Edits / Session Takes
  • Changes in playing time (more or less than 10 seconds]
  • Restoration of historical recordings (re-pitching, re-equalising, de-noising, de-clicking, etc.)


Is this a reliable method to identify the songs?

Yes and no!
Generally speaking it is a reliable method, but as always it is not flawless either.
In some cases wrong codes were used in the mastering process. For example all codes are wrong on the 1999 issue of Elvis Presley (enhanced).

On Elvis CDs we have the IRSC code since 1994.
Unfortunately not on all releases. For example all "Follow That Dream" CDs don't have any code.

When there are reissues of older CDs, the songs get no IRSC if the same pre-master was used.

 

Okay... and how can I use these informations now?

Some examples:

Take the code US-A82-08-00584. This is the code from the "Sweet Caroline" (February 16 - 1970, DS), edited in the year 2008 and first used for "On Stage - Legacy" in the year 2010
Copy and paste the code US-A82-08-00584 in our own search machine. You find out that this song is also on the CDs

Elvis Golden Stories (2011)
Elvis Uncovered (2012)
Elvis Sings... (2014)
Elvis! Elvis! Elvis! - CD Sings Singer-Songwriters (2015)
Seine 100 besten Hits (2015)
The Album Collection - CD On Stage (2016)

Or pick the low-cost CD "The 70s". There we have the song "The Next Step Is Love" with the code US-RC1-00-00234.
If you paste the code in our search engine, you only find the CD "The 70s"! As yet we don't know any other CD where this edited song from the year 2000 was also used! Really strange.


For more information visit isrc.ifpi.org


 

The matrix consists of numbers or letters and is pressed in the inner circle of a CD - typically on the playing side.

The matrix is allocated freely by the manufacturing company or the pressing plant.

Just in few cases it is possible to find out the date of production or the country of production.

A typical Sony matrix number looks like this nowadays:

  • The manufacturing company or the pressing plant
  • The catalogue number or individual number
  • The number of the pressing and the used stamper
A typical Sony DADC matrix from the EU or Australia


 

There are illegal CDs where the matrix has been counterfeit to make it look legal.

For this reason an IFPI number which not counts to the matrix had been introduced (see extra faq record).

The IFPI number doesn't belong to the matrix. We list it there for a better overview.


And what is the IFPI?

This is not easy to explain...

The SID ("Source Identification Code", today also named IFPI code - from International Federation of the Phonographic Industry) was developed 1994 jointly by rights owners and the optical disc industry, primarily as an anti-piracy tool.

There exists two IFPI codes. The mastering code and the mould code.

 

Both IFPI codes on disc, seen from the palying site.



In 1994 the mould code was introduced, in late 1994 or early 1995 also the mastering code.

The mastering code was given by the IFPI organsisation to the rights owner and identifies the plant that manufactured the master. The mould code identifies the plant where the disc was replicated. With both codes you can identify the country of production and the manufactur.

A typical mastering code has the format IFPI + L + 3 numbers, e.g. IFPI L024
A typical mould code has the format IFPI + 4 chars (only the first two numbers are important), e.g. IFPI 0743 or IFPI 50E4

If you take both codes (IFPI L024 + IFPI 07**), you know that the CD was made in Germany by Sonopress.

If you only have the mastering code (L024), the CD could also have been manufactured in South-Africa.
If you only have the mould code, the CD could also have been manufactured by Sonopress GmbH, Arvato Digial Services or Sony BMG Music Entertainment.


And where can I find the codes?

The mastering code can be found near the matrix, usually seen from the playing site of the CD.

The mould code is always in the plastic ring near the hole. Sometimes hard to see.

 

Both IFPI codes on disc, seen from the palying site.




Can I be sure that I have a genuine CD if I have both codes on my CD?


Unfortunately not! We found illegal CDs with both codes, often made in Asian countries. But also often we see, that the producer of these illegal CD has no knowledge about the codes. They used commonly codes which springs from their fantasy.

Pity, that we also find genuine CDs, where at times only one of the codes was used or even none of the two. Because of this it is important that you buy your CDs from a reliable source.

If you need more information, visit www.ifpi.org

 

 

Copy editing by Joachim Bernecker (aka "Ciscoking")